The introduction of electric car standards or the delay of state-owned enterprises will be the biggest beneficiaries

New energy vehicles can fundamentally change what still needs to wait, but it has changed the thinking of Chinese policy makers.

Although in the traditional automotive field, China's vehicle manufacturers and policy makers do not have much success, but when faced with new energy vehicles, they all showed a different attitude. Once the 12th Five-Year Plan of the Chinese automobile industry was replaced by the “New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan” (hereinafter referred to as “Planning”), this plan was later added with the word “Energy Saving”. The attitude of the Chinese government was clearly The change.

The attitude of China's auto industry policy makers has not changed, it has always been the direction of pure electric vehicles, and is the most direct direction. This is quite different from the development of the entire industry. China’s policy makers hope to save a lot of transitional products and step directly into the field of electric vehicles.

Recently, attention has been paid to the issue of the forthcoming implementation of China's electric vehicle standards. According to media reports, "the "Outline of the Standard for Pure Electric Vehicles" consists of 9 items with more than 40 items, which are compiled into four volumes and can be promulgated after being approved by the National Standardization Committee." In response to this, the newspaper Automotive Research Institute and Gasgoo.com conducted a joint investigation. The survey was conducted from October 24 to October 28, 2011. The number of participants during the survey was 2,105.

The survey results show that only 23% of people in the industry believe that the standards for electric vehicles will be successfully introduced by the end of the year or early next year. Nearly half of the opposition participants reached 46%, and as many as 31% believe that the uncertainty of the introduction of this policy is very large. The policies that have attracted attention have had a low response in the industry.

The lack of standards under the background of the lack of standards, the industrialization and large-scale development of China's pure electric vehicles add a lot of uncertainty. At the same time, as the electric vehicle's industrial chain is longer, the more involved stakeholders are involved, the more the game will be.

For the development of new energy vehicles and special electric vehicles, Chinese autos and policy makers have maintained a high voice, but this did not bring more substantive content. This is particularly reflected in the industry development standards.

Before this round of policy debates on new energy vehicles, seven European and American auto giants, including GM, Volkswagen, Ford, Daimler, BMW, Audi, and Porsche, reached an agreement and agreed to establish an international standard for charging electric vehicles in Europe and the United States. In addition, the European Association of Automobile Manufacturers (ACEA) has also formally submitted a proposal for the standardization of charging interfaces for electric vehicles to the European Commission. These two messages show that there may be two sets of standards among European companies. The region is still the case, let alone global standards.

In the Chinese market, accurate industry development has become a bottleneck. After the electric vehicle was turned to private consumption, BYD e6, Zotye SUV, Chery M1, General Wolanda and Nissan Leaf made different attempts. However, the problem followed. For example, some electric vehicles use 20 amps of direct current, and household standards are 12 amps of alternating current. The problems caused by the lack of standards will increase with the expansion of the electric vehicle market.

Before the national standards were clarified, enterprises that “eat crabs” may suffer the loss of early-stage R&D expenditures, while wait-and-see companies are not willing to take action. Under the background of the lack of standards, the industrialization and large-scale development of China's pure electric vehicles add a great deal of uncertainty. At the same time, as the electric vehicle's industrial chain is longer, the more involved stakeholders are involved, the more the game will be.

There are not many discussions about whether China's electric vehicle standards should be in line with international standards. In the survey on this issue, most people believe that they need to be in line with international standards, in order to meet the interests of most market participants, accounting for 60% of the total number of votes, and as many as 40% of people think that there is no internationally accepted standard. Automobile standards do not necessarily have to be in line with international standards.

The biggest beneficiaries in the process of setting standards for electric vehicles in China are basically the participation of large domestic companies in standard setting, especially the opinions of state-owned enterprises and central enterprises. Large companies such as FAW, SAIC, Dongfeng and Changan are bound to fight for the maximum right to speak in the standard of electric vehicles.

According to the status quo of China's automobile development, the formulation of China's electric vehicle standards not only needs to refer to the standards of other markets and enterprises, but also China should actively participate in the formulation of standards in other markets. In September of this year, China participated in the voting of the pure electric car interface program of the International Electrotechnical Commission held in Germany. In October, it participated in the discussion of relevant programs in the United Kingdom. These actions all show that the trend of electric vehicle standards and international standards is an inevitable trend.

In fact, the standard dispute is a dispute of interests. Once a unified standard adopts a certain design, it will bring great benefits to the design participants. Therefore, major auto companies want to use their own plans or control standards. It can be said that whoever masters the standards will control the initiative of the future market.

The results of the survey show that in the process of setting standards for electric vehicles in China, local auto manufacturers have the greatest impact. The proportion of votes that think local companies have a greater impact is as high as 28%. Followed by the power operators, accounting for 24% of the vote. Based on the reference to foreign electric vehicle standards, local auto makers should be involved as much as possible and dominate the competition. This is the consensus of the industry on the development of standards for electric vehicles.

In the standard-setting process of China's electric vehicles, it is basically the participation of large-scale domestic enterprises in standard setting, and there is no involvement of foreign-invested electric vehicle companies. This reflects the formulation of this standard and will reflect the localization, especially state-owned enterprises and central enterprises, to the greatest degree. Views. Large enterprises such as FAW, SAIC, Dongfeng and Changan are bound to win the maximum right to speak in the standards of electric vehicles.

The survey results also show that state-owned car companies are considered to be the biggest beneficiaries, receiving a total of 44% of the votes. In addition, 32% believe that foreign car companies may be the biggest beneficiaries. The experience and technology accumulation and reserves of foreign car manufacturers in the traditional car and electric vehicle manufacturing, combined with their strong brand and network layout and influence capabilities, make them likely to grab market opportunities after the introduction of standards. The private car companies obtained the least vote in this survey. Only 24% of the respondents believe that private car companies may be the biggest beneficiaries. This is inseparable from its impact on standard setting and its own brand and technology accumulation.

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